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Lung cancer – A deadly disease

by Steven Brown
Lung cancer

Lung cancer is a kind of cancer that begins in the lungs. Cancer grows when cells in the body start to grow out of control. This disease usually takes birth along the out sections of the lungs.

Cancer is a dangerous illness in which cells in the human body raise out of control, when cancer is born in the lungs, it is called lung cancer.

This disease starts with the lungs and can spread to other parts of the body. This sickness is a group of small cells and non-small cells. These types of lung cancer develop differently and require different treatments. Lung cancer starts in a typical manner in the cells lining.

Cancer that appears in other organs such as the breast, skin, or kidney can sometimes spread to the lungs. Suppose, cancer starts in the breast and extends to the lung is called lungs cancer. In this situation, we cannot call it lung cancer. Most cancers that start in the lungs are known as primary lung cancer.

Causes and symptoms of lung cancer:

Causes:

Lung cancer can affect anyone, this disease occurs lung cells change. Various elements can cause this mutation. This change appears in lung cells when people have difficulty breathing. Lung cancer is the main cause of death in cancer patients. Therefore it is important to consult an expert Pulmonologist in Lahore for early diagnosis and treatment.

A variety of things cause lung cancer.

Cigarette smoking:

Smoking causes a lot of lung cancer. Smoking is surely the strongest danger factor for this disease, but it often collaborates with other factors. The number of 85% of people suffers from lung disease due to prolonged smoking.

Second-hand smoking:

Even if you are not smoking, it can cause lung cancer if you inhale secondhand smoke.

So some toxins are mentioned here which can increase your risk of lung cancer:

  • A poisonous bluish-white metal
  • Uranium
  • Chromium
  • Some petroleum products
  • Cadmium
  • Nickle

Cancer research also proves that inherited genetic mutations can make you more likely to get lung cancer.

Symptoms:

There are generally no signs or symptoms in the initial stages. Symptoms of lung cancer flourish as the condition progresses.

Some basic symptoms of lung cancer include:

  • unexplained weight loss
  • constant fatigue
  • lake of energy
  • bleeding from a cough
  • persistent shortness of breath
  • pain when breathing or coughing
  • whooping cough that gets worse

Further symptoms of lung cancer depend on where new tumors form. Not everyone will experience every symptom in the last stage of lung cancer.

Late- stages symptoms might include:

  • balance issues
  • headaches
  • dizziness
  • shoulder pain
  • swelling of the face and body
  • yellowing of skin and eye
  • bone pain
  • lumps in the neck or collarbone
  • muscle weakness and high blood pressure

Types of lung cancer:

There are two important types of lung cancer. One type is small cell lung cancer and the other is non-small cell lung cancer.

Small cell lung cancer

This type is distributed into two other types such as small cell carcinoma and combined small cell carcinoma.

Non-small cell lung cancer

This type generally spreads to other parts of the body more slowly than small lung cancer does. More three types are given below.

1-Adenocarcinoma:

A shape of non-small cell lung cancer is often found on the outer surface of the lung.

2- Squamous cell carcinoma:

A structure of non-small cell lung cancer is normally found in the middle of the lung next to an air tube.

3- Large cell carcinoma:

A form of non-small cell lung cancer that can appear in any part of the lung and tends to arise and spread faster than adenocarcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma.

Treatment of lung cancer:

Lung cancer can treats in different ways, depending on the kind of lung cancer and how far it has enlarged. People can cure with surgery, radiation, therapy, chemotherapy, targeted or a collection of these treatments.

You can talk to a pulmonologist in Ittefaq Hospital about your stage of cancer through oladoc. It should be the responsibility of your doctor to explain the advantages and disadvantages of the treatment.

Sometimes, patients get an opinion from different cancer doctors. You should get a second opinion. This suggestion may help you choose the treatment that is good enough for you.

Tests:

Discuss your cancer risk with your physician and whether a screening test is right for you. According to the situation, your doctor can order several tests so that he takes a good look at the condition.

Tests may include:

Chest X-Rays, imaging tests, sputum cytology, tissue sample, bone scan, computed tomography, needle biopsy, etc.

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